A federal appeals court tossed out the conviction of former Representative Jeff Fortenberry, a Nebraska Republican, on Tuesday on the grounds that his trial never should have been held in Los Angeles in the first place.
Mr. Fortenberry, 62, was convicted by a jury in March 2022 on three felony charges related to lying to the federal authorities about illegal campaign donations he received at a 2016 fund-raiser in Los Angeles.
During interviews at his home in Nebraska and at his lawyer’s office in Washington, D.C., he told federal investigators he was unaware that $30,000 in donations had originated from a Lebanese Nigerian billionaire, Gilbert Chagoury. As a foreign citizen was ineligible to contribute to an American candidate. But an F.B.I. agent had previously listened to a phone call in which a cooperating witness told the congressman about the source of the funds.
In the opinion on Tuesday, a three-judge panel determined that Mr. Fortenberry should not have been tried in Los Angeles because he had made his statements about the campaign contributions to federal agents in Nebraska and Washington, D.C. Mr. Fortenberry was charged with and convicted of making false statements, not the receipt of the illegal contributions.
“The constitution plainly requires that a criminal defendant be tried in the place where the criminal conduct occurred,” Judge James Donato wrote on behalf of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
The court said Mr. Fortenberry could be retried in a proper venue.
Thom Mrozek, a spokesman for the U.S. Attorney’s Office in Los Angeles, said in a statement that a retrial was possible.
“We are evaluating potential next steps before deciding how best to move forward,” he said.
In a statement provided by his lawyer, Mr. Fortenberry said on behalf of himself and his wife: “We are gratified by the Ninth Circuit’s decision. Celeste and I would like to thank everyone who has stood by us and supported us with their kindness and friendship.”
Mr. Fortenberry, who was first elected to Congress in 2004, resigned days after his conviction. He had been urged to do so by Nebraska’s Republican governor and by colleagues from both parties, including Representative Kevin McCarthy, who was the minority leader, and Representative Nancy Pelosi, who was the House speaker.
In June 2022, Mr. Fortenberry was sentenced to two years of probation and was ordered to pay a $25,000 fine and perform 320 hours of community service.
The Nigerian billionaire in question, Gilbert Chagoury, has paid $1.8 million in fines to the U.S. government for making improper donations to several campaigns.